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How do they look at kidneys

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of your spine. Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute, removing wastes and extra water to make urine. The urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin tubes of muscle called ureters, one on each side of your bladder.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Symptoms of Kidney Disease

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How do I get kidney disease? (What are the causes of kidney disease?)

Kidney Health Check

You have two kidneys. They are fist-sized organs on either side of your backbone above your waist. Your kidneys filter and clean your blood, taking out waste products and making urine. Kidney tests check to see how well your kidneys are working. They include blood, urine , and imaging tests. Early kidney disease usually does not have signs or symptoms. Testing is the only way to know how your kidneys are doing.

It is important for you to get checked for kidney disease if you have the key risk factors - diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, or a family history of kidney failure. Specific kidney tests include Glomerular filtration rate GFR - one of the most common blood tests to check for chronic kidney disease. It tells how well your kidneys are filtering. Creatinine blood and urine tests - check the levels of creatinine, a waste product that your kidneys remove from your blood Albumin urine test - checks for albumin, a protein that can pass into the urine if the kidneys are damaged Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound - provide pictures of the kidneys.

The pictures help the health care provider see the size and shape of the kidneys, and check for anything unusual. Kidney biopsy - a procedure that involves taking a small piece of kidney tissue for examination with a microscope.

It checks for the cause of kidney disease and how damaged your kidneys are. Start Here. Clinical Trials. Article: Lower number of plasma exchange sessions and glomerular filtration rate decline Article: Comparison of fractional excretion of electrolytes in patients at different stages Kidney Tests -- see more articles.

Patient Handouts.

Know Your Kidney Numbers: Two Simple Tests

Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. A kidney ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic exam that produces images, which are used to assess the size, shape, and location of the kidneys. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to the kidneys. Ultrasound uses a transducer that sends out ultrasound waves at a frequency too high to be heard. The ultrasound transducer is placed on the skin, and the ultrasound waves move through the body to the organs and structures within.

You have two kidneys on either side of your spine that are each approximately the size of a human fist. Your kidneys play several vital roles in maintaining your health.

If your results show that you have chronic kidney disease, your doctor should discuss the possible causes with you and agree a plan to find out the cause. This is especially important if the cause is likely to be treatable. Your doctor should use your test results to find out how serious your chronic kidney disease is and what this means for you. Your doctor should work out your chronic kidney disease 'category' based on how well your kidneys are functioning your 'G' category and how much protein they are leaking into your urine your 'A' category. The combination of these 2 categories will tell your doctor how severe your kidney disease is.

Kidney Tests

Learn about our expanded patient care options for your health care needs. A kidney scan is an imaging test that looks at your kidneys. Your healthcare provider can also see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys. A kidney scan is a type of nuclear imaging test. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive matter is used during the scan. The radioactive matter radioactive tracer is absorbed by normal kidney tissue. The radioactive tracer sends out gamma rays. These are picked up by the scanner to make a picture of your kidneys.

Cystoscopy & Ureteroscopy

You have come to the emergency department and the emergency doctor has recommended an imaging test to check for kidney stones. This summary will tell you about two types of imaging tests—a CT scan computed tomography scan and an ultrasound. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs that filter the waste chemicals out of your blood and make urine. A kidney stone is a hard piece of material that forms inside your kidney when tiny mineral crystals in your urine stick together.

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Cystoscopy and ureteroscopy are common procedures performed by a urologist to look inside the urinary tract. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in urinary tract problems. Cystoscopy uses a cystoscope to look inside the urethra and bladder.

Kidney Function Tests

Did you know one in three American adults is at risk for kidney disease? Anyone can get kidney disease at any time. If kidney disease is found and treated early, you can help slow or even stop it from getting worse.

Skip to main content. Healthy kidneys remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood. Blood and urine tests show how well the kidneys are doing their job and how quickly body wastes are being removed. Urine tests can also detect whether the kidneys are leaking abnormal amounts of protein, a sign of kidney damage. Here's a quick guide to the tests used to measure kidney function.

Your Kidneys & How They Work

Kidney cancer might be found because of signs or symptoms a person is having, or it might be found because of lab tests or imaging tests a person is getting for another reason. The actual diagnosis of kidney cancer is made by looking at a sample of kidney cells in the lab or sometimes by how the kidney looks on an imaging test. If you think you have possible signs or symptoms of kidney cancer, see your doctor. If you have any signs or symptoms that suggest you might have kidney cancer, your doctor will want to take your complete medical history to check for risk factors and to learn more about your symptoms. A physical exam can provide information about signs of kidney cancer and other health problems.

The checks that you have will depend upon the stage of your kidney disease. They will often be carried out at your GP surgery and may be part of a general review.

You have two kidneys. They are fist-sized organs on either side of your backbone above your waist. Your kidneys filter and clean your blood, taking out waste products and making urine. Kidney tests check to see how well your kidneys are working. They include blood, urine , and imaging tests.

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