What does chlamydia look like in a female
Chlamydia say "kluh-MID-ee-uh" is an infection spread through sexual contact. This infection infects the urethra in men. In women, it infects the urethra and the cervix and can spread to the reproductive organs. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections STIs.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Straight Talk about Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Leena Nathan, MD - #UCLAMDChat Webinar
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All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. Chlamydia is usually spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Chlamydia is one of the most common STIs in women, especially young women ages 15 to It often has no symptoms.
Antibiotics can treat chlamydia. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause serious health problems for women, such as difficulty getting pregnant. It is an especially serious problem for women because it can damage the female reproductive organs. In , more than 1 million women in the United States were diagnosed with chlamydia. Chlamydia is known as a "silent" infection, because most women who have chlamydia do not have symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may not notice them until several weeks after you get chlamydia.
If you think you may have chlamydia, you and your sex partner s need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Chlamydia that does not have any symptoms can still lead to future health problems including not being able to get pregnant.
The only way to know if you or a partner has chlamydia is to get tested. A Pap test is not used to detect chlamydia. Your doctor or nurse will prescribe antibiotics to treat chlamydia.
Antibiotics can cure chlamydia. But they cannot fix any permanent damage done to your body, including scarring of your reproductive organs. For this reason, you should get tested and take the antibiotics as soon as possible. For the antibiotics to work, you must finish all of the antibiotics that your doctor gives you, even if the symptoms go away.
Do not share your antibiotics for chlamydia with anyone. If symptoms do not go away after treatment, see your doctor or nurse. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. Your doctor can give you antibiotics that are safe to take during pregnancy.
For pregnant women, chlamydia may lead to premature birth, or babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Premature birth is the most common cause of infant death and can lead to long-term health and development problems in children.
The steps work best when used together. No single step can protect you from every single type of STI. It is possible to get chlamydia, or any other STI, if you are a woman who has sex only with women. Chlamydia lives in the reproductive tract of an infected woman and can pass to a sex partner, whether male or female.
Talk to your partner about her sexual history before having sex, and ask your doctor or nurse for an STI test if you are at risk. For more information about chlamydia, call the OWH Helpline at or contact the following organizations:. Department of Health and Human Services.
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A-Z Health Topics. Subscribe To receive Publications email updates. Expand all. What is chlamydia? Who gets chlamydia? How do you get chlamydia? Chlamydia is spread through: Vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
Chlamydia can be spread even if there are no symptoms. This means you can get chlamydia from someone who has no symptoms. Genital touching. A man does not need to ejaculate come for chlamydia to spread. Chlamydia can also be passed between women who have sex with women. Childbirth from a mother to her baby. What are the symptoms of chlamydia? Symptoms may include: Bleeding between periods Burning when urinating Fever Low back pain Lower abdominal pain Nausea Pain during sex Unusual vaginal discharge If you think you may have chlamydia, you and your sex partner s need to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Do I need to get tested for chlamydia? If you are 24 or younger and have sex, you need to get tested for chlamydia. If you are older than 24, you need to get tested if, in the past year or since your last test, you: 3 Had a new sex partner Had your sex partner tell you they have chlamydia Traded sex for money or drugs Have had chlamydia or another STI in the past Did not use condoms during sex and are in a relationship that is not monogamous, meaning you or your partner has sex with other people You also need to be tested if you are pregnant or if you have any symptoms of chlamydia.
How is chlamydia diagnosed? There are two ways that a doctor or nurse tests for chlamydia: A urine test. This is the most common. You urinate pee into a cup. Your urine is then tested for chlamydia. A swab test. Your doctor uses a cotton swab to take a fluid sample from an infected place vagina, cervix, rectum, or throat.
The fluid is then tested for chlamydia. How is chlamydia treated? What can happen if chlamydia is not treated? Untreated chlamydia can cause serious health problems in women, including: Pelvic inflammatory disease PID , an infection of a woman's reproductive organs. PID can lead to chronic pelvic pain, pregnancy problems, and infertility meaning you can't get pregnant. Untreated chlamydia is a common cause of PID. What should I do if I have chlamydia? Chlamydia is easy to treat.
But you need to be tested and treated as soon as possible. If you have chlamydia: See a doctor or nurse as soon as possible. Antibiotics will treat chlamydia, but they will not fix any permanent damage to your reproductive organs. Take all of your medicine. Even if symptoms go away, you need to finish all of the antibiotics. Tell your sex partner s so they can be tested and treated. If they are not tested and treated you could get chlamydia again. Avoid sexual contact until you and your partner s have been treated and cured.
Even after you finish your antibiotics, you can get chlamydia again if you have sex with someone who has chlamydia. See your doctor or nurse again if you have symptoms that don't go away within a few days after finishing the antibiotics.
How does chlamydia affect pregnancy? Signs include discharge from the eyes and swollen eyelids. The signs most often show up within two weeks after birth. Signs include congestion, cough, and rapid or labored breathing, although these are not always present. Signs most often show up one to three months after birth.
How can I prevent chlamydia? The best way to prevent chlamydia or any STI is to not have vaginal, oral, or anal sex. If you do have sex, lower your risk of getting an STI with the following steps: Use condoms.
Condoms are the best way to prevent STIs when you have sex. Because a man does not need to ejaculate come to give or get chlamydia, make sure to put the condom on before the penis touches the vagina, mouth, or anus. Other methods of birth control , like birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms , will not protect you from STIs. Get tested. Be sure you and your partner are tested for STIs. Talk to each other about the test results before you have sex. Be monogamous.
Having sex with just one partner can lower your risk for STIs. After being tested for STIs, be faithful to each other. That means that you have sex only with each other and no one else.
5 Chlamydia Symptoms All Women Should Know
It can also infect the rectum, throat, or eyes. A lot of people have chlamydia — as many as 1 in 10 young women test positive for it. In California alone, there were almost , reported cases of chlamydia in
Basic Fact Sheet Detailed Version. Basic fact sheets are presented in plain language for individuals with general questions about sexually transmitted diseases. The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Print version pdf icon.
Chlamydia - CDC Fact Sheet
Unfortunately, chlamydia symptoms can be easy to miss. This is especially problematic for women. If chlamydia is left untreated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Both PID and untreated chlamydia can cause permanent scarring in the reproductive organs, blocking sperm and eggs from meeting and leading to infertility. Uhler, M. In some cases, this can be fixed surgically. In others, it cannot be reversed.
What Do STD Discharges Look Like?
Chlamydia is common in the U. Among all age groups, teens and young adults have the highest rates of infection. Most women with chlamydia and about half of men do not experience symptoms. Since symptoms may not be present, the only way to know if a person who may be at risk is infected with chlamydia is to be tested. Annual testing for the infection is recommended for all sexually active women age 25 and under.
As any woman knows first-hand, vaginal discharges are a pretty common occurrence. And, most of the time, discharges are nothing to be alarmed about. For one, they help keep the vagina clean and free of harmful pathogens.
You might not know you have chlamydia because many people don't have signs or symptoms, such as genital pain and discharge from the vagina or penis. Chlamydia trachomatis affects mostly young women, but it can occur in both men and women and in all age groups. It's not difficult to treat, but if left untreated it can lead to more-serious health problems. Early-stage Chlamydia trachomatis infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms.
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It can infect both men and women. Women can get chlamydia in the cervix, rectum, or throat. Men can get chlamydia in the urethra inside the penis , rectum, or throat.
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Most women who are infected have no signs or symptoms of chlamydia. However, it can infect the cervix and spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease PID , chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. If a woman is pregnant and has chlamydia, it can be passed on to a baby during birth, causing lung or eye infections. In women, if symptoms are present, they may include:. Men who have chlamydia usually do not have any signs or symptoms.