Find the odd man out voltmeter ammeter thermometer galvanometer
In the electric equipment producing heat e. Two tungsten bulbs of wattage W and 60 W power work on V potential difference. If they are connected in parallel, how much current will flow in the main conductor? Who will spend more electrical energy?SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Voltmeters and Ammeters - Circuits - Physics - Khan Academy
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: GALVANOMETER -- AMMETER -- VOLTMETER -- IMPORTANT FOR JEE - NEET - AIIMSContent:
- Volmeter,a meter,galvanometer, thermometer tell the odd one out give proper explanation
- Tell the odd one one out. give proper explanation. voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, thermometer.
- US2805394A - Alternating-current volt-ammeters - Google Patents
- Advanced Physics
- Voltmeter , Ammeter, Galvanometer, Thermometer.
Volmeter,a meter,galvanometer, thermometer tell the odd one out give proper explanation
Code , see. The present invention relates to'an A. The increasing use of electric energy for aircraft, induction furnaces, and induction heating, and the greater accuracy required in measurements in electronics have led to increasing demands for accurate ammeters and voltmeters for use at frequencies extending upward from power frequencies through the entire audio-frequency range. There are several methods for accurately measuring alternating currents and voltages.
Perhaps the most common is the accurate electro-dynamic alternating-current meter. This type of meter is usually expensive and has a limited frequency range.
Another instrument in common use is the thermocouple instrument. A limitation of this meter is that the temperature characteristics and calibration stability are poor over long periods of time, and the instrument should be calibrated with an accurately known standard immediately prior to use. One object of the present invention is to provide an A. Another object of the present invention is to provide a thermocouple type of alternating-current volt-ammeter in which the long-time stability characteristics of the thermoelement are unimportant.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an alternating-current volt-ammeter having a very high degree of accuracy. Another object of the present invention is to provide an alternating-current volt-ammeter which is portable and may be quickly and accurately used by a relatively inexperienced operator.
Other uses and advantages of the invention will become apparent upon reference to the specification and drawings. Figure 2 is a circuit diagram of an ammeter similar in principle to the voltmeter shown in Figure 1. Figure 3 is a circuit diagram of a preferred form of A ice switch 3 is connected to the heater 6 of a thermoelement 7. The other end of the heater 6 is connected to the other terminal of the alternating voltage source.
The second contact 8 of the switch 3 is connected to the resistor 9 and the other end of the resistor 9 is connected to the battery The other terminal of the battery 11 is connected to the variable resistor 12, the other end of which is connected to the lower terminal of the alternating-voltage source and the end of the heater 6 of the thermoelement 7. The thermocouple 13 of the thermoelement 7 is connected through the galvanometer 14 to a variable source of voltage 16 and the other terminal of the varia ble source of voltage is connected to the other terminal of the thermocouple Va is the alternating voltage to be measured by the instrument.
Rv is the combined resistance of the resistor 1 and heater 6. When it is desired to measure the alternating voltage, the switch throw 4 is thrown to contact the terminal 2 of switch 3, the current Ia flowing through the element 6 causing the thermocouple 13 to produce a voltage which is a measure of the current flowing through the heater 6.
The variable source 16 is varied to buck out the current flowing from the thermocouple and this is detected by the fact that the galvanometer deflection is zero. After the throw 4 is made to contact the terminal 8, the resistor 12 is varied until the galvanometer 14 again reads zero, indicating thereby that the current through the heater element 6 is the same as when the switch'was thrown to the left. The voltage Vp across the resistor 9 is then measured with a D.
The alternating voltage Va is equal to the current through the heater Ia times Rv, the total resistance in series with the source. Since la is equal to the current through the heater Ia, In is equal to the voltage across the resistor 9 divided by the resistance Rs of the resistor 9. Therefore As can be seen from the above equation, the accuracy of the instrument depends only upon a ratio of resistances and the voltage Vp, all of which can be accurately determined.
The main source of error perhaps would lie in the characteristics of the thermoelement 7 in response to frequency. However, since the thermoelements have a flat frequency response over several thousand kiloeycles, the resistance element 1 would ordinarily be more frequency responsive than the heater 6 of the thermoelement 7, and the latter would not present a limitation to the range of frequencies. The combination of the balancing voltage source 16 and the galvanometer 14 makes it possible to determine very accurately when the outputs of the thermocouple 13 due to alternating current and to' direct current are of the same magnitude.
As a result of these factors and the fact that the output of thermocouple 13 is not appreciably afiected by frequency, it is possible to detect when the alternating and direct currents through the heater element 6 a're equal. In this voltmeter the long-time stability of the thermoelement is unimportanh since it is only essential that it 3 remain stablefor the short time necessary to make anindividual measurement.
Another adjustment may be necessary if very :accurate measurements are to be made,'since 'for theliighes't 'acchracyitsis preferable to use a potentiometer as D. Figure 2 shows anammeter circnit which has adopted the principles of operation shown in Figure l. The reading is made in the same manner as in Figure 1, and the switch is then thrown. Instead the vjoltage Vp is measured directly across the heater resistor 6 by meter The measured current depends upon the resistance of the heater of the thermoelement as well as that of the shunt.
This is undesirable for precise measurements as the heater resistance is not wholly independent of the current or the ambient temperature because of the small temperature coefficients of resistance of the heater alloys. In addition, temporary overloads may permanently change this resistance, and also Rs would have to be adjusted to odd values. Figure 3 shows how this difficulty may be overcome by the inclusion in the direct-current circuit of a resistor 18 which is identical in value with the resistor 17 inthe alternating-current circuit.
Figure 3 is a circuit diagram of a preferred ammeter according to the present invention. The resistor 17, having resistance R5, is shunted across the terminals of an alternating-current source. A resistor 18 having a resistance value Rs equal to resistance Rs is inserted between the resistor 12 and the junction of the lowerterminal of heater 6 and the lower input terminal.
The voltage V is measured across heater 6 and resistor 18 in series by meter The operation is very much the same as in Figure 2. Initially the switch is thrown to'the left and the battery is varied until the galvanometer deflection is zero. The switch is then thrown to the right and the resistor 12 is varied until the galvanometer deflection is again zero. The voltage across the heater 6 and resistor 18 is then determined by a potentiometer or meter.
The current supplied to the input terminals is expressed by the equation,. Figure 4 is a wiring diagram of an A. When the instrument is operated as a voltmeter the slider 19 is positioned along one of the contacts of resistor 1. The various contacts are used so that numerous voltage ranges may be measured on the instrument. The various ranges are taken care of bycutting in or out difierent values of resistor 1.
The slider 21, which is mechanically constrained'to operate in unison with the slider 19, engages unconnected contacts during the voltage measurements so that it is not effectively in the circuit.
During the voltage measurement the voltages impressed across one of the contacts of the resistor 1 are carried over the leads 22 and 23 to the upper left contact of the switch 3. The otherinput of the alternating voltageis applied'to the ground'terminal of the instrument which is connected over line 24 to the lower left contact of the switch 3. With theswitch thrown to the left the current flows through'the resistor 1 and the heater 6 and then to the other terminal of the input, thereby making a series circuit as shown in.
Figure 1. With the switch 3 thrown to the middle position that is, contacting the dead terminals 25 the instrument 26 is cut into the circuit by switch v27 which is mechanically tied to the switch 3.
In practice switch 3 would be first thrown into the center position with the instrument 26 in the circuit so that the operator could obtain an approximate indication of what voltages will appear across the heater 6 and the resistor 9.
This has a twofold purpose. Asis generally realized, a thermoelement is particularly sensitive to overloads. With the switch 3 initially in the center position, the instrument 26 will receive the load from the source, thereby giving an approximate value of the voltage.
Knowing this approximate value the operator can adjust the slider 19 so that the heater 6 will not be'overloaded. Since the meter 26 is a rectifier instrument 'it can more readily take overloads and therefore is suitable for this purpose. Also the initial reading on the. With the switch 3 in the far right position the directcurrent-measurenients can now be made. It should be noted that the slider 27 is also physically constrained to travel with the slider 19 and therefore during voltage measurements will be positioned so as to contact one of the string "of contacts 28, any one of which will bring into When it is desired to make current measurements, the.
With this arrangement the current flows through resistor 17, and since slider 21 is constrained to travel with slider ,19 through the heater 6 in parallel with the resistor 17, the meter 26 serves the same purpose in this circuit as. The slider 27, which is positioned along with the sliders 19 and 21, varies the magnitude of the resistor '18 so that its value is always the same as that of resistor It will be apparent that the embodiments shown are exemplary and that various modifications can bemade in construction and arrangement within the scope of my invention as defined in the appended claims.
The invention according to claim 3 in which a second resistor is connected in said first circuit so as to be in parallel With said heater when said heater is connected to said first circuit.
The invention according to claim 3 in which a second resistor is connected in said first circuit so as to be in series with said heater when said heater is connected to said first circuit. Figure l is a circuit diagram of a voltmeter according to the present invention. V In this voltmeter the long-time stability of the thermoelement is unimportanh since it is only essential that it 3 remain stablefor the short time necessary to make anindividual measurement.
The current supplied to the input terminals is expressed by the equation, has an advantage over the voltmeter method in that the resistance of the heater may be eliminated, although the heater resistance will remain fairly stable during the volt age measurements described in Figure 1. It should be noted that the slider 27 is also physically constrained to travel with the slider 19 and therefore during voltage measurements will be positioned so as to contact one of the string "of contacts 28, any one of which will bring into When it is desired to make current measurements, the slider 19 and therefore slider '21 are made to contact one of the contacts of resistor'17 depending upon the current range that will be measured by the instrument.
I claim: 1. USA en. Apparatus including an automatic balancing bridge for measuring the temperature of motor windings and the like, including thermaly controlled ballast resistance means. Thermoelectric converter type r. Thermocouple type r. Meter circuit including synchronized switching means for measuring the "off" current in a train of pulses. System providing a d. CNU en. Electrical apparatus for determining moisture content by measurement of dielectric loss utilizing an oscillator having a resonant tank circuit.
Precision voltmeter using selectable series connected, digitally related resistors which are calibrated to read the value of input signal.
Tell the odd one one out. give proper explanation. voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, thermometer.
Code , see. The present invention relates to'an A. The increasing use of electric energy for aircraft, induction furnaces, and induction heating, and the greater accuracy required in measurements in electronics have led to increasing demands for accurate ammeters and voltmeters for use at frequencies extending upward from power frequencies through the entire audio-frequency range.
Nice post! This is a very nice that I will definitively come back to more times this year! Thanks for informative post. Science Curriculum.
US2805394A - Alternating-current volt-ammeters - Google Patents
All about Electromagnetism. A Choose the correct alternative and rewrite the following. Remains the same. Increases in steps. Right hand thumb rule. None of these. B Say true or false. If false, write the correct sentence. Magnetic poles exist in pairs. Magnetic field increases as we go away from a magnet.
Will the mass and weight of an object on the earth be same as their values on Mars? How did they help Newton to arrive at the inverse square law of gravity? Show that the time taken to go up is same as the time taken to come down. What is the value of g on the planet? What will be their values on the moon?
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Voltmeter , Ammeter, Galvanometer, Thermometer.
Solution : Thermometer. It measures temperature, the remaining three measure electrical quantities. Students to be promoted on the basis of internal assessment. CBSE has released syllabus for class 11 and 12 applied maths textbook