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Limits the number of commits to show. Note that this is a commit limiting option, see below. Show only commits between the named two commits. Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames works only for a single file. Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If full is specified, the full ref name including prefix will be printed.

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git-log(1) Manual Page

The simplest version of the log command shows the commits that lead up to the state of the currently checked out branch. These commits are shown in reverse chronological order the most recent commits first. You can force the log tool display all commits regardless of the branch checked out by using the —all option. The real power of the Git Log tool, however, is in its diversity. There are many options that not only allow you to filter commits to almost any granularity you desire, but to also tailor the format of the output to you personal needs.

To see the 3 most recent commits:. Another common way to filter commits is by the person who wrote or committed the changes. This can be done using the —author and —committer options. The syntax is. The —committer option, on the other hand, will limit results to commits that were committed by that individual. Many times, the author and committer will be the same person you would generally expect this to be the case but, in the case where a developer submits a patch of their work for approval, the developer may not actually commit the code.

This can be accomplished using the —before and —after options:. Git will also accept Ruby expressions as arguments here, so you can do things like the following to see commits that occurred in the last 2 days. To view a summary of the changes made in each commit of lines added, removed, etc , use the —stat option:. To just get the bare minimum information in a single line per commit, use the —oneline option.

Each commit will be shown as simply the commit hash followed by the commit message, on a single line:. The Git Log tool can also display the commit history in an ascii art graphical representation with the —graph option.

This option works well when combined with the —oneline option mentioned above. To take complete control over the format of the output, use the —pretty option. This can be extremely useful if you are using the output of the log tool for further reporting. The syntax of this option is:. For example:. For a full list of the available formatting options available, see the man page for the Git Log tool, or visit the online documentation here.

The final thing to note is that you can combine these options in almost anyway you see fit. This allows you to not only customize the queries you perform, but also how the results are displayed. Great article. Please share any graphical front end to make the output especially code diffs more user friendly. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. All rights reserved Terms of Service. Jalal Hajigholamali May 2, , pm. Hi, Thanks a lot, very nice article. I will be posting instruction guides, how-to, troubleshooting tips and tricks on Linux, database, hardware, security and web.

My focus is to write articles that will either teach you or help you resolve a problem. Read more about Ramesh Natarajan and the blog. Contact Us Email Me : Use this Contact Form to get in touch me with your comments, questions or suggestions about this site. You can also simply drop me a line to say hello!. Support Us Support this blog by purchasing one of my ebooks.

10 Essential Git Log Command Examples on Linux to View Commits

Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames works only for a single file. Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If full is specified, the full ref name including prefix will be printed.

The simplest version of the log command shows the commits that lead up to the state of the currently checked out branch. These commits are shown in reverse chronological order the most recent commits first. You can force the log tool display all commits regardless of the branch checked out by using the —all option.

If full is specified, the full ref name including prefix will be printed. The default option is short. See git-shortlog 1. Note that this affects all diff-based output types, e.

git-log(1) - Linux man page

See gittutorial 7 to get started, then see giteveryday 7 for a useful minimum set of commands. After you mastered the basic concepts, you can come back to this page to learn what commands Git offers. You can learn more about individual Git commands with "git help command". Other options are available to control how the manual page is displayed. See git-help 1 for more information, because git --help This option affects options that expect path name like --git-dir and --work-tree in that their interpretations of the path names would be made relative to the working directory caused by the -C option. For example the following invocations are equivalent:. Including the equals but with an empty value like git -c foo. The interface input, output, set of options and the semantics to these low-level commands are meant to be a lot more stable than Porcelain level commands, because these commands are primarily for scripted use.

For commits it shows the log message and textual diff. It also presents the merge commit in a special format as produced by git diff-tree --cc. The command takes options applicable to the git diff-tree command to control how the changes the commit introduces are shown. The names of objects to show defaults to HEAD.

Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If full is specified, the full ref name including prefix will be printed.

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--full-diff Without this flag, git log -p shows commits that touch the specified paths, and diffs about the same specified paths. With this, the full diff is shown.

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