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Fertility changes with age. Both males and females become fertile in their teens following puberty. For girls, the beginning of their reproductive years is marked by the onset of ovulation and menstruation. It is commonly understood that after menopause women are no longer able to become pregnant. Generally, reproductive potential decreases as women get older, and fertility can be expected to end 5 to 10 years before menopause. Even though women today are healthier and taking better care of themselves than ever before, improved health in later life does not offset the natural age-related decline in fertility.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Female fertility animation

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How soon after stopping birth control can a woman get pregnant?

How Quickly Can You Expect to Get Pregnant?

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Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Getting pregnant conception happens when a man's sperm fertilises a woman's egg. For some women this happens quickly, but for others it can take longer. Out of every couples trying for a baby, 80 to 90 will get pregnant within 1 year. The rest will take longer, or may need help to conceive. To understand conception and pregnancy, it helps to know about the male and female sexual organs, and to understand how a woman's monthly menstrual cycle and periods work.

The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of a woman's period day 1. Some time after her period she will ovulate, and then around days after this she'll have her next period. The average cycle takes 28 days, but shorter or longer cycles are normal. You're most likely to get pregnant if you have sex within a day or so of ovulation releasing an egg from the ovary.

This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period , if your cycle is around 28 days long. An egg lives for about hours after being released. For pregnancy to happen, the egg must be fertilised by a sperm within this time. Sperm can live for up to 7 days inside a woman's body. So if you've had sex in the days before ovulation, the sperm will have had time to travel up the fallopian tubes to "wait" for the egg to be released.

It's difficult to know exactly when ovulation happens, unless you are practising natural family planning , or fertility awareness. If you want to get pregnant, having sex every 2 to 3 days throughout the month will give you the best chance. The penis : this is made of sponge-like erectile tissue that becomes hard when filled with blood. Testes : men have two testes testicles , which are glands where sperm are made and stored. Scrotum : this is a bag of skin outside the body beneath the penis.

It contains the testes and helps to keep them at a constant temperature just below body temperature. When it's warm, the scrotum hangs down, away from the body, to help keep the testes cool. When it's cold, the scrotum draws up, closer to the body for warmth. Vas deferens : these are two tubes that carry sperm from the testes to the prostate and other glands.

Prostate gland : this gland produces secretions that are ejaculated with the sperm. Urethra : this is a tube that runs down the length of the penis from the bladder, through the prostate gland to an opening at the tip of the penis. Sperm travel down this tube to be ejaculated.

A woman's reproductive system is made up of both external and internal organs. The external organs are known as the vulva. This includes the opening of the vagina, the inner and outer lips labia and the clitoris.

The pelvis : this is the bony structure around the hip area, which the baby will pass through when he or she is born. Womb or uterus : the womb is about the size and shape of a small, upside-down pear. It's made of muscle and grows in size as the baby grows inside it.

Fallopian tubes : these lead from the ovaries to the womb. Eggs are released from the ovaries into the fallopian tubes each month, and this is where fertilisation takes place. Ovaries : there are 2 ovaries, each about the size of an almond; they produce the eggs, or ova. Cervix : this is the neck of the womb. It's normally almost closed, with just a small opening through which blood passes during the monthly period.

During labour, the cervix dilates opens to let the baby move from the uterus into the vagina. Vagina : the vagina is a tube about 3 inches 8cm long, which leads from the cervix down to the vulva, where it opens between the legs. The vagina is very elastic, so it can easily stretch around a man's penis, or around a baby during labour. Ovulation occurs each month when an egg is released from one of the ovaries.

Occasionally, more than one egg is released, usually within 24 hours of the first egg. At the same time, the lining of the womb begins to thicken and the mucus in the cervix becomes thinner, so that sperm can swim through it more easily.

The egg begins to travel slowly down the fallopian tube. The egg may be fertilised here if there is sperm in the fallopian tube. The lining of the womb is now thick enough for the egg to be implanted in it after it has been fertilised. If the egg is not fertilised, it passes out of the body during the woman's monthly period, along with the lining of the womb. The egg is so small that it cannot be seen. Hormones are chemicals that circulate in the blood of both men and women.

They carry messages to different parts of the body, regulating certain activities and causing certain changes to take place. The female hormones, which include oestrogen and progesterone, control many of the events of a woman's monthly cycle, such as the release of the egg from the ovary and the thickening of the womb lining.

During pregnancy, your hormone levels change. As soon as you have conceived, the amount of oestrogen and progesterone in your blood increases. This causes the womb lining to build up, the blood supply to your womb and breasts to increase, and the muscles of your womb to relax to make room for the growing baby. The increased hormone levels can affect how you feel. You may have mood swings, feel tearful or be easily irritated. For a while, you may feel that you can't control your emotions, but these symptoms should ease after the first 3 months of your pregnancy.

Both the man's sperm and the woman's egg play a part in determining the gender of a baby. Every normal human cell contains 46 chromosomes 23 pairs , except for the male sperm and female eggs.

They contain 23 chromosomes each. Chromosomes are tiny threadlike structures that each carry about 2, genes. Genes determine a baby's inherited characteristics, such as hair and eye colour, blood group, height and build. A fertilised egg contains 1 sex chromosome from its mother and 1 from its father. The sex chromosome from the mother's egg is always the same and is known as the X chromosome, but the sex chromosome from the father's sperm may be an X or a Y chromosome.

If the egg is fertilised by a sperm containing an X chromosome, the baby will be a girl XX. If the sperm contains a Y chromosome, the baby will be a boy XY. Find out about early signs of pregnancy , and where to get help if you're having problems getting pregnant.

If you've decided to have a baby, you and your partner should make sure you're both as healthy as possible. This includes:. You should also know about the risks of alcohol in pregnancy. You can find pregnancy and baby apps and tools in the NHS apps library. Page last reviewed: 23 January Next review due: 23 January Trying to get pregnant - Your pregnancy and baby guide Secondary navigation Getting pregnant Secrets to success Healthy diet Planning: things to think about Foods to avoid Alcohol Keep to a healthy weight Vitamins and supplements Exercise.

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How long does it take to get pregnant?

Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Getting pregnant conception happens when a man's sperm fertilises a woman's egg. For some women this happens quickly, but for others it can take longer. Out of every couples trying for a baby, 80 to 90 will get pregnant within 1 year. The rest will take longer, or may need help to conceive.

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Just how quickly can you get pregnant? While some couples may conceive the very first month they try, roughly 75 percent will get pregnant within six months. How long it takes you to get pregnant will depend on how frequently you're having sex, if you're having sex during your most fertile days, your age, and whether fertility challenges exist for you or your male partner. Researchers in Germany wondered how quickly couples can expect to get pregnant. Subfertility can be loosely defined as someone who takes longer than average to get pregnant, but eventually will succeed on their own without help.

Timing of sex for pregnancy

It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later. This is called your period. Most women have periods that last from two days to eight days and take place every 26 to 34 days. During this time, your chances of conceiving drop as the hormone progesterone rises, signaling your ovaries to stop releasing eggs for the month.

Can a Woman Become Pregnant During Her Period?

Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although the risk of getting pregnant in this way is very low. If you want to avoid getting pregnant, you should use contraception. A man's semen the liquid produced when he ejaculates or "comes" contains millions of sperm. One ejaculation can contain more than million sperm.

To optimize women's fertility, taking better care of their bodies is a good first step.

He wanted to give them a chance at birthing their own children, especially in countries like his native Sweden where surrogacy is illegal. He auditioned the procedure in female rodents. Then he moved on to sheep and baboons.

Trying to Conceive: 10 Tips for Women

Although there are a number of days in the month when you are more fertile, there has not been a lot of high-quality research into whether timing sex around the 'fertility window' increases your chances of pregnancy. Having regular, unprotected sex every 2 to 3 days without contraception will give you the best chance of success. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within two years.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: PCOS: Your first 3 steps to getting pregnant naturally

Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation. But the most fertile days are the three days leading up to and including ovulation. Having sex during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant.

Age and Fertility (booklet)

Visit coronavirus. Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant after having regular intercourse sex without birth control after one year or after six months if a woman is 35 years or older. Fertility means being able to become pregnant conceive , and it involves many steps, which must work just right for a woman to become pregnant. About 90 out of couples will be able to get pregnant within 12 months of trying. Most cases of infertility are caused by problems with ovulation.

Some women get pregnant very quickly, in fact 1 in 3 women who are having regular sex (every 2 to 3 days) or timing sex around ovulation, will conceive within.

Some women get pregnant very quickly, in fact 1 in 3 women who are having regular sex every 2 to 3 days or timing sex around ovulation , will conceive within a month. However, age makes a difference. Starting at age 34 your ability to get pregnant starts to decline gradually. Your age is not something you can control. Many women are having babies later in life for very valid reasons such as not feeling stable enough to support a child for example, with money or housing , not wanting to have a child before or not having a partner to have a child with.

How a Transgender Woman Could Get Pregnant

Trying to get pregnant isn't always easy and can require some patience. If you want to speed up the process and get pregnant as soon as possible, here are some helpful steps you and your partner can take. Researchers have found that following a " fertility diet " may increase an, otherwise healthy, woman's chance of getting pregnant.

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